Further in the developmental pathway, as youth become increasingly engaged in mixed-gender groups and in dating, adolescents may generalize “power-over” aggression to yet another form of relationship aggression: TDV (Pepler et al. In short, the power imbalance typified by bullying and sexual harassment behaviors may then extend into dating relationships.
Seven studies indicating significant associations between bullying and teen dating violence exist to our knowledge (Connolly et al. In summary, these empirical findings demonstrate that bullying, sexual harassment, and dating violence are interrelated, and youth who engage in one form are more likely to engage in another (Pepler et al.
Because pubertal changes often heighten vulnerability around sexuality and sexual identity, youth may engage in sexual harassment in their attempts to attain power and status through regulating adherence to gender norms and conformity to hetero-normative sexual orientation (Gruber and Fineran ) asserts that sexual harassment is a form of bullying and should, therefore, be predicted by bullying.
To our knowledge, five studies link bullying and sexual harassment or sexual violence (De Souza and Ribeiro ).
Situating these behaviors as gender-based, as opposed to gender neutral, in no way suggests that both boys and girls cannot or do not exhibit unhealthy relationship behaviors, including aggression (Hamby ).
Testing moderated mediation by gender will advance the science aimed at understanding whether and how developmental aggression varies by gender, thereby better positioning TDV prevention programming to ameliorate such behaviors among girls and boys.
Eligibility criteria for student participation included ability to complete the questionnaire in English or Spanish and not being in a self-contained special education class.
A total of 1516 students from the four comparison schools met the two eligibility criteria.
Further research is needed to disentangle the temporal relationships between these aggressive behaviors among youth.).
As youth developmentally advance and become more aware of gender norms and pubertal development, they may begin engaging in the next developmentally relevant form of aggression, sexual harassment.
Attempts to exert dominance shift from a form of aggression that is generalized, to a form of aggression contingent upon a person’s gendered appearance, gendered identity, body parts, sexual orientation, or sexual activity.
The data were collected using paper-and-pencil, self-administered questionnaires.
Attrition (defined as loss of all follow-ups after being in a previous wave) was minimal: 4.0 % (724 students retained) and 9.8 % attrition (653 students retained) at waves 2 and 3, respectively.